On Monday the government took its first step towards attacking widespread shortages by lifting price controls on long-life milk, one of several goods regularly unavailable in shops, leading to long queues and discontent.Venezuela, which, unlike Iran, has never had a Jacobin revolution (thus leaving all strata of the ruling classes more or less intact) and where the recent defeat of the Constitutional Reform makes the prospect of the Bolivarian process (an evolutionary approach that is perceived as a "kinder, gentler" alternative to a Jacobin revolution) much less certain than before, has a weaker politico-economic foundation for populism than Iran, though inflation leads neoliberals to put the same pressures on price controls, government subsidies, state-mandated wage increases, and other measures that "distort the market" in Iran, too.
There is speculation controls may also be removed from other scarce goods such as sugar, eggs, black beans, chicken and red meat. (Benedict Mander, "More Venezuela Price Caps May Go," 12 December 2007)
Is there a way to curb inflation without resorting to market discipline? Martin Hart-Landsberg suggests that there may be one, taking inspiration from the experience of popular participation in price control implemented by the the Office of Price Administration of the United States government in the early 1940s: "Another World Is Indeed Possible" (MRZine, 7 November 2007). I am not certain if the measures described in this article can be applied in Iran or Venezuela, but they ought to be considered by the governments of both nations.
Yoshie Furuhashi, "Contradictions of Resource Populism," Critical Montages, 15 December 2007.